NCLEX ISOLATIONSSTRICT ISOLATION
It is practiced for highly transmissible diseases by direct contact and airborne routes.It requires: private room, gown, mask, glove, hand washing, and double bagged for soiled articles.Diseases: Diptheria-pharyngeal, herpes zoster, pneumonia, varicella.
RESPIRATORY ISOLATIONIt is practiced for droplet transmission.It requires: private room, mask, hand washing, and labeled plastic bags for soiled articles.Patient with same organism may share room.Diseases: H. influenza, measles, mumps, N. meningitis.
TUBERCULOSIS / AFB ISOLATIONIt is practiced for suspected or active tuberculosis.It requires: mask, hand washing, and private room with negative pressure (room air vented to outside).Disease: Tuberculosis
CONTACT ISOLATIONIt is practiced for infectious diseases or multiple resistant micro organism that are spread by close or direct contact.It requires: private room, mask, gown, and glove.Diseases: Diptheria-cutaneous, herpes simplex, MRSA, pediculosis, scabies, syphilis.
ENTERIC PRECAUTIONIt is practiced for infectious diseases that transmitted through direct or indirect contact with infected feces.It requires: private room, hand washing, gloves, and gowns.Gowns are worn only when contact any object contaminated with feces.Diseases: Aseptic meningitis, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, hepatitis A, typhoid fever.
DRAINAGE / SECRETION PRECAUTIONIt is practiced for patient with wound drainage (infected wound).It requires: gloves and gowns.Disease: Burns
UNIVERSAL BLOOD AND BODY FLUID PRECAUTION-It is practiced when possibly contact with blood-borne and body fluids pathogens (blood, semen, vaginal secretion, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, amniotic fluid, CSF, and tissue.It requires: gloves, masks, protective eye gears, and gowns.Used / contaminated needle should never recapped.Used needles and other sharp items are kept in a puncture resistant container (sharp box container).Diseases: AIDS, hepatitis B, hepatitis C.